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How smart are you about sharks? Take our interactive quiz show to uncover the mysteries and discover the truths about these fascinating creatures. In this lesson we introduce the learners to the diversity and adaptations of sharks.
Recommended for Ages (Grades): 11–14 (6th–8th)
Format: Interactive Video Lesson 🖥( It's easy to connect )
Research Connection: Sharks and Rays Conservation Research Program
Animals in this lesson: game fish, reef fish, sharks, rays
Keywords: adaptation, anatomy, behavior, biodiversity, buoyancy, cartilage, climate change, conservation, elasmobranch, endangered, extinction, gills, habitat, husbandry, positive reinforcement, predator, species, taxonomy, training, vertebrate
Objectives: The students will learn about the behavior of sharks, types of sharks, and the anatomy and physiology of sharks (including the senses). Students will also learn about the popular misconceptions about sharks and why they are often misunderstood.
5 min - Prior knowledge; shark fact versus myth
10 min - Shark diets and ecosystem roles
10 min - Shark anatomy and senses, adaptations and behaviors (feeding)
10 min - Shark classification and diversity; comparison of bony and cartilaginous fish
10 min - Research and conservation of sharks and rays
~5 min - Open Questions and Answers
Total time: 🕙 50 mins
Extra media featuring Mote research
The following media can be used before or after your live virtual field trip with Mote to enhance the lesson.
Search for "SHARKS" or choose Program>Sharks and Rays Conservation to filter for content best suited for this lesson.
Meet the Team
Researchers and staff working with sharks and rays at Mote Marine Laboratory.
Subject AreasLife Sciences
Ocean Literacy PrinciplesOLP #5 The ocean supports a great diversity of life and ecosystemsOLP #6 The ocean and humans are inextricably interconnected
Florida State StandardsSC.3.L.15.1, SC.3.L.17.1, SC.3.N.1.1, SC.3.N.1.4, SC.3.N.1.7, SC.4.L.16.3, SC.4.L.17.2, SC.4.L.17.4, SC.4.N.1.1, SC.4.N.1.8, SC.5.L.15.1, SC.5.L.17.1, SC.6.L.15.1, SC.7.L.15.1, SC.7.L.15.2, S.C.7.L..15.3, SC.7.L.17.1, SC.8.N.4.1, SC.8.N.4.2
Next Generation Science Standards
5th Grade5-LS2: Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and DynamicsLS2.A: Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems (5-LS2-1)LS2.B: Cycles of Matter and Energy Transfer in Ecosystems (5-LS2-1)5-ESS3: Earth and Human ActivityESS3.C: Human Impacts on Earth Systems (5-ESS3-1)
6th - 8th GradesMS-LS2: Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and DynamicsLS2.A: Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems (MS-LS2.1; MS-LS2.2)LS2.C: Ecosystem Dynamics, Functioning, and Resilience (MS-LS2-4)LS4.D: Biodiversity and Humans (secondary to MS-LS2-5)MS-LS4: Biological Evolution: Unity and DiversityLS4.C: Adaptation (MS-LS4-6)MS-ESS3: Earth and Human ActivityESS3.C: Human Impacts on Earth Systems (MS- ESS3-3, MS-ESS3-4)ESS3.D: Global Climate Change (MS-ESS3-5)
9th - 12th GradesHS-LS2: Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and DynamicsLS2.A: Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems (HS-LS2-1, HS- LS2-2)LS2.C: Ecosystem Dynamics, Functioning, and Resilience (HS-LS2-2, HS-LS2-6, HS-LS2-7)LS4.D: Biodiversity and Humans (HS-LS4-6, secondary to HS- LS2-7)ETS1.B: Developing Possible Solutions (secondary to HS-LS2-7)HS-LS4: Biological Evolution: Unity and DiversityLS4.C: Adaptation (HS-LS4-5), (HS-LS4-6, HS-LS4-5)LS4.D: Biodiversity and Humans (HS-LS4-6, HS-LS4-7)HS-ESS3: Earth and Human ActivityESS3.C: Human Impacts on Earth Systems (HS-ESS3-3, HS-ESS3-4)ESS3.D: Global Climate Change (HS-ESS3-5, HS-ESS3-6)ETS1.B: Developing Possible Solutions (secondary to HS-ESS3-2, secondary HS-ESS3-4)
Common Core ELA/Literacy
5th GradeRI.5.7 Draw on information from multiple print or digital sources, demonstrating the ability to locate an answer to a question quickly or to solve a problem efficiently. (5-LS2-1)
6th - 8th GradesWHST.6-8.8 Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources; assess the credibility of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and providing basic bibliographic information for sources. (MS-LS1-8)SL.8.1 Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 8 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly. (MS-LS2-2)RST.6-8.4 Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 6-8 texts and topics. (MS-LS3-1),(MS-LS3-2)
9th - 12th GradesWHST.11-12.8 Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative print and digital sources, using advanced searches effectively; assess the strengths and limitations of each source in terms of the specific task, purpose, and audience; integrate information into the text selectively to maintain the flow of ideas, avoiding plagiarism and overreliance on any one source and following a standard format for citation. (HS-LS1-3)RST.11-12.7 Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., quantitative data, video, multimedia) in order to address a question or solve a problem. (HS-LS2-6),(HS-LS2-7),(HS-LS2-8)
Common Core Mathematics
5th GradeMP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (5-LS2-1)
6th - 8th GradesMP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (MS-ESS3-2),(MS-ESS3-5)
9th - 12th GradesMP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (HS-LS2-1),(HS-LS2-2),(HS-LS2-4),(HS-LS2-6),(HS-LS2-7)
UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patternsGoal 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impactsGoal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources
Links to resources to enhance your virtual experience with us.
People come to me and say, 'What'll I do if I go in the water and see a shark?' You don't have to do anything. The chances of that shark attacking you in any way is so remote. The sea should be enjoyed, the animals in it. When you see a shark underwater, you should say, 'How lucky I am to see this beautiful animal in his environment!'
— Dr. Eugenie Clark
Founding Director of Mote Marine Laboratory